Differential regulation of dopamine transporter after chronic self-administration of bupropion and nomifensine
Tella SR, Ladenheim B, Cadet JL
Department of Pharmacology,
Georgetown University
School of Medicine,
Washington, DC 20007-2195, USA.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1997 Apr; 281(1):508-13


Inhibition of dopamine (DA) transporter function is thought to be the principal mechanism underlying cocaine's addictive effects. In contrast to cocaine, several other inhibitors of DA transporter function are not considered to possess abuse liability. One of the neuroadaptive changes to chronic cocaine self-administration is the up-regulation of DA transporters. In the present study, we investigated the reinforcing and neuroadaptive effects of two other DA reuptake inhibitors, namely bupropion and nomifensine. Drug-naive rats readily acquired and subsequently maintained consistent self-administration of 3 and 1 mg/kg/infusion doses of bupropion and nomifensine, respectively, during 2-hr daily sessions over a prolonged period. Similarly, self-administration responding at low doses of bupropion (0.75 and 1.5 mg/kg/infusion) and nomifensine (0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg/infusion) showed some consistency during the initial weeks of testing which gradually declined or tended to decline to levels similar to that of the water control group during the later weeks of testing. Bupropion self-administration dose-dependently up-regulated DA transporters in caudate putamen and nucleus accumbens. In contrast, nomifensine self-administration did not alter DA transporter levels. These data provide evidence for heterogeneity among DA reuptake inhibitors, with some of these drugs being able to up-regulate DA transporters after their self-administration, whereas others lack this neuroadaptive response.
Nomifensine dependence
Noradrenaline and dopamine
Nomifensine: pharmacokinetics
Nomifensine and methyplenidate
Nomifensine, noradrenaline and dopamine

and further reading

Future Opioids
BLTC Research
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide
The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family